15 outstanding inventors we should thank for the modern world
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It is not that all these inventions were so fundamental that they overturned man's idea of the world, but in any case, without them we can no longer imagine the modern world. It is all the more surprising that most of them were created quite recently by the standards of history.
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Johannes Gutenberg - printing press
It was Johannes Gutenberg who invented the method of printing with movable liters in the mid-1440s. Before him, all books were created exclusively by hand. The invention of printing has had a tremendous impact not only on European culture, but also on the entire modern history.
Willis Carrier - air conditioner
On July 17, 1902, in Buffalo, New York, Willis Carrier designed the first air conditioner for a Brooklyn print shop - a schematic diagram of a unit that controlled humidity and temperature. The patent for the air conditioner was approved on January 2, 1906, and already in 1914, the first ever home air conditioner was installed in Minneapolis, Minnesota.
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Buddy Bolden - jazz
It is no secret that many modern musical styles and trends originate precisely from jazz. Well, the Orleans cornetist Buddy Bolden is often called "the man who invented jazz." It is believed that it was he who, in about 1895, combined blues, gospel and special improvisation in such a way that first the famous New Orleans ragtime, and then jazz, turned out.
Percy Spencer is a microwave oven.
Percy Spencer is the very person who first discovered that microwave radiation can heat objects and he was the first in the world to receive a patent for a microwave oven. It is noteworthy that Spencer himself never even graduated from high school, having studied only seven classes. And he received all his theoretical and practical knowledge in the field of physics of radio waves and electromagnetic oscillations while working in the Navy, where he was an operator of a radio station.
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Alexander Fleming - penicillin
British bacteriologist who first discovered penicillin - an active substance that destroys bacterial cells. It was thanks to this invention that antibiotics subsequently appeared and mankind learned to successfully fight the most ancient diseases - syphilis, gangrene, tuberculosis. For his discovery, Alexander Fleming was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.
John Loogie Byrd - Mechanical Television
John Loogie Byrd is known primarily as the creator of the first mechanical television system. In 1932, he was also the first to implement VHF signal transmission. And although later mechanical television was replaced by the developments of Vladimir Zworykin and Philo Farnsworth in the field of electronic television, Byrd's first televisions were an important step in the development of television and electronics in general.
The Wright Brothers - Airplane
Of course, speaking of great inventors, one cannot fail to mention the brothers Wilbur and Orville Wright, who invented and built the world's first airplane. Although the Wright brothers were not the first to build and fly an experimental aircraft, they were the first to control such flight in the air, which made possible the further development of aircraft construction.
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Alan Turing - Machine Learning
Alan Turing has not invented anything revolutionary, something that would turn any industry. But his work had a huge impact on the development of computer science and the theory of artificial intelligence. And the abstract computing "Turing Machine" proposed by him in 1936 may well be considered a general-purpose computer.
Henry Ford - Automotive Industry
Henry Ford is a unique example of a person who managed to make a "revolution" in industry without actually inventing anything new. Ford did not invent the automobile, did not invent the internal combustion engine, and even the conveyor belt was also invented before it. However, it is Henry Ford who is considered the father of the founder of the modern automotive industry, and his company lives and lives to this day.
Joseph Gayetti - Toilet Paper
Of course, the use of paper for sanitary purposes began long before the 19th century. But one of the first to produce modern toilet paper was New York businessman Joseph Galetti. In 1857, he released toilet paper cut into neat squares and packed in reams. He was so proud of his invention that he printed his name on every piece of paper.
Georges de Mestral - textile fastener
The very "Velcro", which is now used almost everywhere from the clothing industry to space stations, was invented by the Swiss engineer Georges de Mestral. The inventor often had to remove the burdock heads from the dog's fur after walking with his dog. Once he examined them under a microscope and saw tiny hooks with which the heads caught on the wool. This principle formed the basis of the textile fastener.
Alessandro Volta - batteries
Italian physicist, chemist and one of the founders of the theory of electricity. He was the first to place plates of zinc and copper in acid to produce a continuous electric current. It was the world's first chemical current source "Voltaic Pillar".
Nikola Tesla - the era of electricity
One of the people who made possible the second industrial revolution, during which humanity began the massive use of continuous production, electricity, and chemicals. The most famous works by Tesla on the creation of devices operating on alternating current, multiphase systems, a synchronous generator, and an asynchronous electric motor.
Vinton Gray Surf - internet
A man who is often called the "father of the Internet". It is he who is one of the authors and developers of the TCP / IP protocol stack, thanks in large part to which ARPANET was able to develop into the Internet familiar to us today.
Harry Brearley - stainless steel
It is difficult to think of a substance as widely used today as stainless steel. They make money, dishes, weapons, and medical instruments from it. Stainless steel was invented in 1913 by the English metallurgist Harry Brearley. He experimented with different types and properties of alloys and found that steels with a high chromium content resist acid corrosion better