How dental cavity works?

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How dental cavity works?

A dental cavity, also known as tooth decay, is a hole that develops in the enamel of your tooth.

Cavities begin small and grow larger over time if left untreated. Because many cavities do not cause pain at first, it can be difficult to recognise that a problem exists. Regular dental visits can help detect tooth decay at an early stage.

Cavities and tooth decay are among the most common health issues worldwide. Cavities can affect anyone who has teeth, including babies.

It may come as a surprise to learn that you have a cavity. This is especially true if you believe you follow a good oral hygiene regimen. Even if your dentist tells you that you have a cavity, there are ways to treat it and prevent new ones from forming.

Complications from tooth cavities

If a tooth cavity is not treated, it can lead to a number of complications. These are some examples:

ongoing tooth pain tooth abscess, which can become infected and cause life-threatening complications such as bloodstream infection or sepsis. the formation of pus around the infected tooth an increased risk of tooth breakage or chipping difficulty chewing food

If you put off seeing a dentist and don't do dental x-ray, you may cause irreversible damage to your tooth. The only way to repair the cavity at this point is for your dentist to extract the tooth and replace it with an implant or bridge.

Causes of tooth cavities

Plaque, a sticky substance that binds to teeth, causes tooth decay. Plaque is a mash-up of:

  • food particles
  • bacteria
  • saliva
  • acid Bacteria can be found in everyone's mouth. Bacteria in your mouth convert sugar into acid after you eat or drink sugary foods. Plaque begins to form on your teeth soon after you consume anything sugary. This is why it is critical to brush your teeth on a regular basis and have your dental x-ray on time.

Plaque adheres to your teeth, and the acid in plaque can erode tooth enamel over time. Enamel is a hard, protective coating that protects your teeth from decay. The risk of decay increases as your tooth enamel deteriorates.

According to a dentist, cavities are more common in the back teeth. Grooves and openings in these teeth can trap food particles. Furthermore, these teeth can be difficult to reach when brushing and flossing.

Dealing with pain

Cavities and tooth decay can cause a great deal of pain and discomfort. While you wait for your dentist appointment, you may want to find ways to relieve your irritation. There are a few things you can do to alleviate discomfort temporarily, according to a dentist:

Maintain your oral hygiene routine.

Brush and clean every part of your mouth, including any sensitive areas.

Over-the-counter (OTC) pain relievers are an option.

Check with your doctor to see if you can use over-the-counter anaesthetics.

Take care with what you eat.

When eating or drinking, avoid foods that are extremely hot or cold.

This is how a dental cavity works and you should always go for regular dental check ups to avoid this.