Understanding the Test Management Process: A Comprehensive Guide
Here is a comprehensive guide so you can have a deeper understanding of the test management process.
Test management plays an imperative role in ensuring high-end and inclusive testing and high-quality software delivery. It also helps guide the process, so it aligns with the proper sequence. But it has to be appropriately done to generate the desired results.
Let’s now walk you through the deeper aspects of test management.
Test Management in a Nutshell
The process of managing and organizing the entire testing process collectively describes test management. To do that, a user can deploy various tools available in the market—these tools aid businesses in conducting both manual and automated tests that particular test processes have already rendered.
In summary, test management is the process of:
- Managing and organizing the processes of the testing plan
- Ensuring control, detection, and traceability of the testing process to yield high-quality software
Why Test Management Counts?
Test management matches customers’ requirements via the delivery of high-quality and reputable products. It encourages collaboration among testers and developers by assisting in the delivery of software within stringent timelines. The test management process collectively helps to enhance the following:
- More consistent and smoother projects
- Timely product delivery
- Customer satisfaction and fulfillment
Let’s continue dabbling about test management to know more about it.
Who does the Test Management Involve?
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The test management involves a complete testing team inclusive of the software developers who play a crucial responsibility in ensuring correct and efficient execution. But the person who oversees and leads is known as the test lead/manager. He takes charge of resource planning and management, thereby serving as test support. He also ensures that all possible issues that can hamper the testing process are addressed head-on.
Precisely, the test manager/lead does the following tasks:
- Managing the test team
- Laying out the scope of testing
- Managing and allocating test resources
- Integration of test metrics
- Scheduling, integration, and implementation of the testing effort
- Keen understanding of his responsibility within the organization
Understanding the Test Management Process
Test fundamental is essential to enhancing the delivery process and development of the software. But the complete process has to be done systematically and correctly to ensure the availability of given benefits.
We can divide the complete test management process into two categories namely, planning and execution.
We can further divide these into sub-processes which are:
- Assessment of issues or risks
- Accounting of tests
- Planning of tests
- Organizing and managing tests
- Monitoring and control of test
- Management of issues
- Report and evaluation of test
Let’s delve deeper into these specifications.
Planning takes into account the complete test cycle since there are essential factors and parameters to consider.
- Analysis of Risk and Solution
SDLC is a common issue that comes from risks and their probable results. Analyzing it is the kick-off phase in test management. Even before the project takes off, the test lead begins working on it. After all, detecting risks earlier is fundamental to avoid potential loss and save on project cost. That holds particularly true since software and its development stages are vulnerable to threats.
- Estimation of test
Test estimation is one of the essential responsibilities for efficient test management. The team can accurately calculate the efforts and time that any given task entails for successful completion through this.
Here are some of the benefits of adequately estimating test:
- Proper estimation leads to superior planning, implementation, and assessment of tasksIt also yields more accurate test scheduling
- It also yields more accurate test schedulingIt aids in assertively apprehending results
- It aids in assertively apprehending results
- Planning of test
To ensure that all testing processes are implemented efficiently and smoothly, the team must have a thorough test planning. It’s geared towards creating a practical and concrete test plan that considers various parameters. A test plan presents the scope, approach, resources, and schedule of lined testing procedures.
In a nutshell, a test plan defines the following:
- Test approachObjectives of the test
- Objectives of the test
- Suspension/exit criteria
- Planning of resource
- Deliverables of test
- Test Organization
The lead can start organizing an efficient testing team once the plan has been laid out, and everything is in place. Only a skilled team can ensure that testing is executed efficiently and effectively.
The execution is the stage where testing implements to yield testing results.
- Test Monitoring and Control
What if you diagnose that your process lacks test resources and that your duration is in disarray? That’s where the role of Test Monitoring and Control comes in to set your project back to proper motion. Test Monitoring and Control ensures that your project is one time via appropriate test metrics and within allocated funding. Further, it ensures that the project is running correctly.
The monitoring phase involves assembling, recording, and reporting of essential details about the on-going project activities.
The test lead should ensure that the following activities for the phase are carried out correctly:
- Project goal outline
- Project performance observation
- Comparison of actual versus planned performanceReporting and recording of identified issues
- Reporting and recording of identified issues
Controlling is the phase that aims to revert to the planned performance of the process and to manage any issues in the testing process properly. It does this via data obtained from constant monitoring of tests. Every deviation in the project is adjusted according to the plan in any test control.
- Issue Management
Risk management can often fail even though there are measures one can implement to minimize the risks. That is why it’s imperative to ensure that these issues are addressed so that the project leads to a bug-free result.
Unexpected problems are common vulnerabilities in every software project. This means proponents should efficiently deal with these. It can mean a massive decline in revenue if the issues are not properly addressed. These issues could be about improper resources, hectic deadlines, and many others. So don’t make sure you properly manage these issues within your project.
- Test Report & Evaluation
It’s essential to spare some time preparing and testing reports and following these up with test data evaluation. You can do all that once your project has been satisfactorily executed.
- Test Management Tasks
Here are some common tasks required in test management:
- Improvement of software quality is the most critical role and responsibility.
- Creation and upkeep of metrics relative to the product.Empowering developers to ensure that less coding errors or design are integrated into the code
- Empowering developers to ensure that less coding errors or design are integrated into the code.
Test Management Tools
Test management involves intensive planning. The test lead should select a capable and reputable team and assess their capabilities to assign various responsibilities properly. One of the critical decisions that a test lead must do is choose the most ideal test case management tool for the complete process.
Functions of the Tools
- Automatically generates the test matrix requirements that render the product’s functional coverage
- Management of testware
- Scheduling of tests
- Results’ logging
- Tracking of tests
- Management of Incidents
- Reporting of tests
Principles of Tool Selection
Don’t fall into the common mistake of just selecting any random test management tool you’ll find in the market. Make sure you consider your project’s requirements and functionalities. With that, you should thoroughly assess your expectations of the tool and review the different features. From there, you can then select an ideal tool for your project.
Some of the most popular test management tools are:
- QA Coverage
Best Practices in Test Management
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1. Start testing at the earliest possible time
The early stages of SDLC are the best times to start testing. Although that is not new knowledge, many still don’t do it. But it’s essential to align with that since it helps detect bugs earlier. If that happens in the later stage, you will have to spend more to rectify them, causing delays and costing precious time that could have been used for other aspects.
2. Consider Iterative Tests
Iterative tests help save testing proponents time via the creation of testing assets.
3. Reuse Test Assets
Reusing test assets such as test cases, test procedures, and test automation scripts help save massive resources, including time and finances. So as much as possible, leverage on reusing it. You can also take advantage of these skills to determine which test assets to reuse and which you should discard.
4. Consider Improving Time Spent
To save you effort and time, it’s important to be always on the lookout for opportunities in terms of product efficiency and quality.
5. Deploy various approaches for testing and strategies
Given the different types of testing processes, there are also multiple approaches in testing. That is why it is recommended to assess your test requirements to identify the best test approach. In doing so, you can expect faster quality product delivery and better testing results. These results will boost your reputation in the market and improve customer experience. Using this approach also lessens the efforts and time spent on the test.
Software testing demands test management to ensure the timely delivery of the final outputs and to generate better testing results. Consider the following best practices in test management to generate the best results!