A "Social Problems in Pakistan is Food Crisis and suffers Rural Women
Rural women suffering from food security has a serious problem in Pakistan, and an important step needs to be taken to eradicate it. Pakistan is doing a lot of
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Decades of wrong policies have left our food and farming systems in the wrong hands when it is the government's responsibility to ensure a decent income or sustainable food supply for farmers.
"Food Security Challenges for Pakistan"
The "Global Report on the Global Crisis" on Food Shortages, in which more than 113 million people in 53 countries face severe food shortages, thus, in the eyes of experts, immediate food, nutrition, and employment in 2019 Need help
"In the modern world we live in, one in nine still suffers from malnutrition. According to experts, more than 110 million women, men, and children are in urgent need of humanitarian aid and global prices will rise in ten years." The crisis plunged 44 million people into poverty: conflict, climate change, and a failed world food program, which in turn has become a man-made crisis.
According to a report by the Pakistan Bureau of Statistics, 16% of the population experiences moderate or severe food insecurity. (1)
The SBP report sheds light on food insecurity
Nearly half of Baluchistan's households face mild to severe food insecurity, according to a new report released Monday by the central bank. In its third quarterly economic report, the State Bank of Pakistan (SBP) found provincial disparities in food security in Pakistan. (2)
Pakistan is one of seven countries that collectively account for two-thirds of the world's undernourished population
“Decades of misguided policies have put our food and agricultural systems in the wrong hands, where the onus is on the government to ensure farmers have a decent income or a sustainable food supply. Has long been flawed, with governments not investing in smallholder agriculture or providing development assistance to smallholders – despite the fact that smallholder farmers, most of whom are women, play a key role in food for hundreds of millions of people around the world.
“Governments have promised peasant women rich and poor the same bold reforms, but with very little money. We have to change that. Governments and aid donors need food by promoting gender equality in agriculture. They must also make plans to help farmer women realize their enormous potential in eradicating the disease. Manufacturing has been found to be two to four times more effective measures to reduce food insecurity and poverty than other sectors.
It is estimated that 36 million tons of food are wasted every year in Pakistan. This is equivalent to any citizen of Karachi, Lahore, and Hyderabad throwing out entire lunches and dinners every day. According to a report, 40% of food in Pakistan is wasted. This includes food losses throughout the supply chain (production, post-harvest handling, agricultural processing, distribution, and consumption) that occur every year.
Due to extreme weather conditions, food losses in this country are expected to be higher than expected by agricultural authorities. Food waste is the sum of food waste and food loss.
PREVENT FOOD WASTE FOR OTHERS
Food waste is common at wedding ceremonies. Most reception dinners take place at midnight, at which time intensely hungry people rush to the food tables and overfill their plates. Almost half of the food on their plates is not consumed and wasted.
THE COVID-19 BLOCK
Millions of Pakistanis have been driven to starvation by the COVID-19 blockade. The first cases of COVID-19 were diagnosed in Pakistan during a two-year attack on the country's economy by the Pakistani government Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI). (4)
The World Food Program (WFP). WFP works with the government of Pakistan to provide humanitarian and recovery assistance to meet the basic food and nutritional needs of the most vulnerable populations, both during and after disasters. (5)
20.5% of the population is malnourished
44% of children under 5 are immature
207.7 million inhabitants
Over the years, Pakistan has grown into a food surplus country and a major producer of wheat, distributing it to populations in need through various mechanisms, including the World Food Program (WFP). (4)
However, the 2018 National Nutrition Survey found that 36.9% of the population faces food insecurity. This is mainly due to the limited economic access of the poorest and most vulnerable group of the population, especially women, to adequate and varied nutrition. The survey also found that it has the second-highest rate of malnutrition in the region: 18% of children under the age of 5 suffer from acute malnutrition, around 40% of children in the same age group have stunted growth and 29% are underweight. All complementary feeding indicators are well below acceptable levels, only one in seven children aged 6-23 months receives a meal with minimal dietary diversity, with at least four different food groups, and around 82% of children are deprived of the minimum number of meals a day.”
PAKISTAN AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY
Agriculture is the sector where women play an important role, feeding hundreds of millions of people around the world. Yet they face military discrimination, such as when they have the right to own land or access credit, which they have always been denied. However, a look at the 2019 Food Crisis Report shows that in all regions of the world, women are more likely than men to suffer from food insecurity, which puts them at risk of climate change, conflict and migration. . Are disproportionately affected. And as a result, they suffer from more severe malnutrition than a year ago. The food price crisis is having a devastating impact on Pakistan's poorest people, especially small-scale farmers, and especially on women, leaving women with a heavy burden of discrimination and domestic responsibilities.
Pakistan's response to the crisis has spawned a number of new initiatives, but insufficient funding and weak policies have failed to address structural shortcomings in the country's food system, but some projects still meet needs and aspirations women. The new emphasis is on completion.
As part of this initiative, the Government of Sindh has developed a Sindh Vegetable Garden Project under a program (SIAPEP) in collaboration with the World Bank. They must be trained to farm properly. This plan will not only alleviate food shortages, but also make them possible
to eat fresh and healthy vegetables that have a positive impact on their health and that of their children. Not only that, but home gardening is also good mental exercise and helps keep your mind sharp. You can buy vegetables at a lower price.
(SIAPEP) "Sindh Irrigation Agriculture Productivity Enhancement Project", financed by the World Bank. With 10,100 vegetable gardens to be created.(3)
(SIAPEP) Women farmers receive tools under the "Kitchen Gardening Scheme":
1: low cost drip kit one set. 2: - Seeds / Plants / Plants for 3 seasons
3: - Micro and macro fertilizer for 3 seasons.
4: - Toolbox
5: Train farmers 3 seasons a year
The success of this plan can help us overcome this food crisis among our rural women and children in the future. So we succeed in this mission (SIAPEP), and we promote this great initiative. (5)
WHAT CAN WE DO?
Control of food waste. This is the essential role of food prices
Efficient farming practices with less input, get more
Realization of mega projects Water management.
Development of desert areas.
Efficient use of irrigation water.
Training and capacity building of male and female water users
1: - Published in Dawn, The Business and Finance Weekly, March 12th, 2018
2: - SBP (State Bank of Pakistan)
Published in Dawn, July 16th, 2019
3: - WATER MANAGEMENT PRACTICES IN SINDH PAKISTAN
The World Food Program (WFP).
Presentation by: Ayaz Hussain Abro (Director Upper Sindh in SIAPEP), The writer has experience in the water management department in Upper Sindh