The Marijuana Flowers – Part by Part
What will you learn in this article? While you’ve probably handle dried or cure Marijuana flowers before, it’s rare for someone outside of grow circles
What will you learn in this article?
While you’ve probably handle dried or cure Marijuana flowers before, it’s rare for someone outside of grow circles to handle an entire Marijuana flowers, let alone know its parts and functions.
For example, one of its parts, the sugar leaves, get their name due to their high content of trichomes, whose appearance reminds us of sugar. The stem, on the other hand, provides a base for the fan leaves to access the light they need to grow and support the weight of the heavy colas (the central flower cluster), among other functions.
Familiarizing yourself with the parts of marijuana flowers are vital to being able to select the type and variety of Marijuana flowers you wish to consume, and to reproduce and grow your own plants.
Know more about the Marijuana flowers, make sure you know the pieces within its composition and the structure of the plant itself.
Marijuana flowers and its parts
Marijuana flowers grow in a wide variety of climates around the world and can be use in many different applications : as a textile, biofuel, paper, and in many other medical and recreational uses. The plant is part of the Cannabaceae family, which also includes hops (a central component of beer). It is further classify as Marijuana flowers Sativa L.
Each part of the plant serves a purpose, and while Marijuana flowers as a whole is certainly greater than the sum of its parts, knowing its parts can change your experience and appreciation of it. Each of the parts of the plant and the functions they perform are describe below.
The female flowers can be identify by their small teardrop-shape structures, which consist of the pistils attach to the bracts. Flowers are often cover in a dense layer of frosty-looking trichomes, making them more desirable.
The main part of the flower. In the last section of the stem of a female plant we can find small flower clusters or “flowering points”. In general, the larger, heavier, and more densely cover in trichomes a cola is, the better the quality of its flowers, although some strains will naturally have looser, airier flower structures.
The tiny leaves that surround the reproductive cells of female Marijuana flowers. When these plants are expose to pollen from a male plant, the bracts surround and protect the seed capsules.
Trichomes are hairy appendages find on the surface of the Marijuana flowers. Trichomes protect the plant from external stressors and contain resinous glands that create flavonoids, cannabinoids, and terpenes, the chemical compounds that give the marijuana flowers its unique characteristics and effects. Trichomes give cannabis buds a crystal-like shine and also give them that sticky feel to the touch.
Within glandular trichomes, there are three main types: bulbous, glandular-sessile (capitate-sessile), and glandular-notched (capitate-stalked). Non-glandular trichomes are called cystoliths. Bulbous trichomes are tiny bulbs that are sparsely locate throughout the plant and are so small that they cannot be seen with the naked eye.
Sessile trichomes are more abundant than bulbous trichomes, and are find on the undersides of sugar leaves and fan leaves, but are normally only visible through a microscope. Notched trichomes are mushroom-shaped and contain a large trichome head at the top of the stem. These are the easily recognizable trichomes on the surface of the Marijuana flowers.
The point where the stem and leaf intersect. Nodes may contain one or more leaves or branches. As explain later, it is important to know how to recognize the nodes, since this is where Marijuana flowers begin to grow pollen sacs (male cannabis plants) or pistils (Female Marijuana flowers). Understanding the sex of marijuana flowers are critical to the final product, as only females produce flowers and unpollinated flowers are far superior to pollinated buds when it comes to consumption.
Leaves are important components in marijuana flowers and there are two types. The large, protruding leaves that appear along the length of the plant are called fan leaves. These leaves are essential for photosynthesis in the living plant, but are always remove from the finish, harvest product.
Unlike fan leaves, sugar leaves are small leaves that are find in the buds of colas and are usually clip from the flower after harvest. They are call “sugar leaves” because of the high content of trichomes found in them, which makes it appear that the leaves are cover in sugar. The sugar leaves can be use to make edibles or concentrates.
The main support structure of the marijuana flowers. The stem carries fluids, nutrients and information from the roots to the rest of the Marijuana flowers. The stem provides a base to give the fan leaves access to the light they need to grow and supports the weight of the heavy colas.
Pistils vs. stigmas
There is often a lot of confusion surrounding pistils and stigmas, with many people confusing one with the other. Here is a quick breakdown of the differences between these two important components of the Marijuana flowers.
What is a pistil?
The pistil is the main part of the reproductive system of the female flower, which comprises a single ovule with two protruding stigmas.
What are stigmas?
The fine hairs that extend from the bracts of the female to catch the male pollen. They are commonly confuse with pistils. Knowing how to identify stigmas is an important part of plant growth, as it is the telltale sign that a plant is female and will therefore produce the cannabinoid-rich flowers you are trying to harvest.
Types of Marijuana flowers
Get in touch with the origins of your favorite cannabis products, it must be good to start by learning the details of the plants at the heart of the industry. This includes knowing not only the specific parts of Marijuana flowers, but also the different types and varieties of Marijuana flowers that exist.
In addition to understanding the various parts of marijuana flowers, you must also know about the different types of Marijuana flowers. While there are longstanding claims about the effects of sativas, indicas, and hybrids, current research suggests that the effects of cannabis are determine by each person’s endocannabinoid system and the specific cannabinoid profile of the plant.
Despite this, Marijuana flowers are usually classify into four different categories:
Indica marijuana flowers tend to develop dense, fat and heavy buds during the flowering stage. These strains are often believe to give users a “body high” rather than a more cerebral high.
Sativa plants tend to produce buds that are airy and better shape than indica plants. Sativa strains of the plant are often say to give users a more cerebral and energetic high.
As a mix between sativa and indica, hybrid strains are generally believe to give you a more balance high.
Hemp plants are part of the cannabis family, but differ from marijuana flowers in that they only produce trace amounts of THC, the cannabinoid responsible for the Marijuana flowers’s intoxicating effects.
In the US, the 2018 Farm Bill specify that hemp is Marijuana flowers that contains up to 0.3% THC. However, hemp plants produce other important cannabinoids, notably CBD, and their fibers can also be use to produce textiles.
To break it down further, there are numerous strains within each of the more general categories of indica, sativa, and hybrid. Understanding and becoming familiar with these various strains is what will really allow you to target, at a specific level, the kind of experience you are looking for when using cannabis.
How do I distinguish between male and female Marijuana flowers?
Typically, you will be able to tell the difference between male and female Marijuana flowers when the plant is about six weeks old. To find out the sex of marijuana flowers, look at the nodes of the plant, where the leaves and branches connect to the main stem.
Male and Female Plants
Male plants produce pollen sacs that at first look like tiny balls and then grow into larger groups of elongated sacs, like compact bunches of grapes. In contrast, a female plant will produce pistils, which in their early stages look like fine hairs and will eventually begin to grow into more structure ovules and stigmas.
There is a very important reason why it is crucial to distinguish between male and female plants: only female plants produce flowers. Because male plants produce pollen sacs, they don’t produce any of the flowers that people harvest and eat. From the perspective of growing weed for human consumption, male plants are only good for reproducing newborn plants from seed.
Unless you consciously choose to reproduce plants through pollination rather than cloning a female plant, growers should keep male plants away from female plants.
They are a rare plant that develops both male and female sexual organs. Hermaphrodites primarily form if female Marijuana flowers is expose to extreme conditions during key growth stages.
The flowers of hermaphroditic plants will be full of seeds, which makes them of very poor quality for consumption. To avoid this, growers need to be adept at spotting both hermaphrodite and male plants early and then getting rid of them before they ruin nearby female plants.
Many growers make feminize seeds as a way to avoid male genetics. These feminize seeds carry only female genetics and in most cases are guarantee to produce female plants. Another option is to grow auto-flowering strains, which are genetically engineer to flower automatically after a short vegetative period of two to four weeks.
How do I reproduce Marijuana flowers?
Knowing the parts of marijuana flowers are necessary to reproduce it. Propagation or reproduction refers to the process of using a plant to create new plants. In general, cannabis growers do it in one of two ways:
Cloning or “cutting”
Cloning is a popular method, as it allows you to grow multiple baby plants from a single adult plant, without having to buy seeds or go through the lengthy process of germinating, planting, and growing a plant from seed.
To clone a marijuana flowers, carefully cut a branch off the stem right at the node. From there, place the cutting in a growing medium, typically suspended in water or insert into a starter. When the cutting develops roots, you can transplant it into a larger container or into the ground, depending on where you are going to grow the plant.
Growing from seed requires you to start from scratch, and is ideal for novice growers, who want to produce a new type or variety of what they are already growing, or who don’t have a plant they want to replicate.
To grow a Marijuana from seed, place a seed on some starting device such as wet blotting paper, or wet cotton balls and keep it moist until it sprouts. As the shoot develops leaves and roots, it will begin to require more and more light.
When a decent amount of roots have form, transplant the marijuana flowers into a larger container or into the ground and proceed to feed, water, and ventilate until the marijuana flowers reaches maturity.