Treating hormonal imbalance with hormone replacement therapy

Treating hormonal imbalance with hormone replacement therapy

Hormonal imbalance is most commonly known to be treated by hormone replacement therapy.

Hormones are the chemical messengers of the body that move around your body along with the blood flow and tell the organs and tissues what to do. At any age, women can face hormonal imbalance throughout their lives. It may be caused due to several reasons such as menopause, health conditions, pregnancy, breastfeeding, etc. The hormonal imbalance affects body functions such as metabolism, reproduction, and sex.

Hormonal imbalance is most commonly known to be treated by hormone replacement therapy. Choosing to take hormone replacement therapy or not depends totally on you and your healthcare provider. But make sure you do not make the decision yourself without any medical guidance. Hormone replacement therapy is available in a number of types and forms. Hormone replacement therapy is divided basically into the following three types:

Bioidentical hormone replacement therapy or BHRT

Bioidentical hormones are also known as natural hormones. These are made from natural substances and are identical to the human hormones biologically and chemically. Therefore, it is known as bioidentical hormone replacement therapy or BHRT. It is basically a compounded hormone as it is prepared or customized over the prescription provided to a pharmacist.

These are prepared on an individual basis so that they meet the requirements of different women. They are usually offered in lower doses and distinct combinations, depending upon the women’s requirements. The bioidentical hormone replacement therapy is considered better than the others as they are more similar to the natural hormones that are present in your body and also because they are more efficient, safe, and natural.

In recent years, facts and figures have proven that bioidentical hormone replacement therapy has treated a number of women and resulted in great success. A number of researches done in Europe and the US have confirmed this.

The bioidentical hormones are prepared on the prescription provided by your doctor, stated earlier. Compounding pharmacies prepare such hormones. One of the leading compounding pharmacies is the harbor compounding pharmacy that offers these services. You just have to provide the prescription to them, and they’ll do all the rest.

Types of bioidentical hormones

Bioidentical hormone replacement therapy is can be divided into the following types:

Estrogen therapy

Estrogen therapy can further be divided into the following two types:

  1. Bi-estrogen

It is a combination of 50 to 80% estriol and remaining estradiol that helps to treat the symptoms of estrogen deficiency in women such as vaginal atrophy, painful sex, and urinary tract disorders. Other symptoms that it helps to relieve are thinning of vaginal tissues, night sweats, hot flashes, flushes, mood swings. Estradiol and estriol improve sleep patterns, memory loss, cognitive functioning, bone health, and blood pressure. Furthermore, it reduces the risk of developing diabetes.

2. Tri-estrogen

It consists of 80% estriol, 10% estrone, and 10% estradiol. It helps to relieve all the symptoms that are treated through bi-estrogen. Only the additional hormone in this is the estrone. It is the primary estrogen that is produced in women after menopause. Not many women require it. Estrone is produced by the peripheral fat tissue that is reserved for women who are under or low weighted.

Progesterone therapy

Progesterone therapy is only prescribed to those women who have very high levels of estrogen as compared to the progesterone levels naturally produced in their bodies. It helps to minimize the effects of estrogen on the coronary arteries. It may be given alone or combined with estrogen. Progesterone helps to improve sleep patterns, anxiety, loss of libido, blood pressure, bone density, etc. It plays the role of a diuretic, by lowering the blood pressure and facilitating the blood sugar levels.

Testosterone therapy

Well, we know that testosterone is basically a male hormone. But it is also present in women in low quantities and plays a major role in women’s sexual health. Testosterone therapy is prescribed in cases when deficiency of testosterone in women is observed. Testosterone regulates the mood, increases muscle mass and strength, relaxes the mind, normalizes the levels of blood sugar, triglycerides, and cholesterol, decreases body fat, improves mood, etc.


Women whose saliva, urine, or blood test for hormone profile indicates low levels of DHEA, are prescribed dehydroepiandrosterone by the doctors. DHEA helps to improve libido, sex life, bone density, high cholesterol, triglycerides, etc. DHEA also helps to relax the mind and increase vigilance.

Non-bioidentical hormone replacement therapy

Non-bioidentical hormones are possible to be natural, but these will not be biologically and chemically identical to the women’s hormones. They are produced such as to act and function as the natural women hormone-estrogen. Women are likely to face a few side effects by using this treatment as the hormones’ chemical composition would not be the same as women. For example, a pregnant mare’s urine contains Premarin, which is made from estrogen.

Synthetic hormone replacement therapy

Hormones that are synthetic are obviously not natural. Not being natural means that these are not bioidentical to the women’s hormones. Synthetic hormones are produced by the pharmaceutical industries so that they can function in place of the natural hormones. For example, progestin is a synthetic hormone. It is often confused with progesterone which is a bioidentical hormone, but these are not the same. Progesterone plays a role in assisting pregnancy, whereas progestin is given to women to prevent pregnancy. Synthetic hormones can have really bad effects on women’s overall health.