Challenges Faced During Selenium Test Automation

Challenges Faced During Selenium Test Automation

Selenium is the most popular and portable framework to test different web applications. It provides a playback tool for performing functional tests.

Selenium is the most popular and portable framework to test different web applications. It provides a playback tool for performing functional tests and doesn’t require the learning of test scripting language (Selenium IDE).

With Selenium, you get a test domain-specific language to write tests with various programming languages from PHP, Java, Groovy, C#, Ruby, Scala to Python. It is easy to run on Linux, macOS, and Windows. Even it provides compatibility for testing the software against modern web browsers. Everything is perfect with Selenium that you may think of as an experienced developer or tester. But, if you are a beginner in the testing field and never implemented automation testing with Selenium, you may face the following challenges:

Mobile Apps Testing

The benefit of getting selenium testing services is that it allows you to test your web applications on any browser on desktops and operating systems. But, when you test the mobile app with the Selenium, it doesn’t provide support for operating systems like iOS and Android that is the biggest drawback of this framework. For example, you can quickly test the Twitter version in the Safari browser on your Mac system. You are still not allowed to conduct testing in a mobile Safari browser on your Android or iPhone phone with Selenium.

If the company you choose is the best for Selenium automation testing, the professionals may give you the right guidance to test your mobile app with this framework. For this, they will use another open-source automation testing framework like Appium that uses WebDriver protocol and allows you to test hybrid, iOS, native, and Android-based mobile apps without any hassle.

Cross-Browser Testing

Getting the Selenium test automation service is valuable in the case of automated cross-browser testing of web applications because it supports multiple operating systems and languages. Keep in mind, if the selenium testing company that you choose for testing is experienced, their testers will ensure you that your web application will work well and correctly in every browser.

If the testing team doesn't have much knowledge, the chances of risks are very high because many developers experience the working of web app’s elements appropriate in one browser, but not in others when conducting cross-browser automation testing with Selenium.

To avoid such severe complications, one must be proficient in providing selenium testing services. Testers should run the script again & again on different browsers and prepare the results simultaneously because it can help them come to a particular conclusion.

Synchronize or Time-out Issues

Synchronization or time-out issues are the common challenges that are faced by many testers while working with Selenium test automation. Handling of test scripts is crucial for this process. Most of the time, 80% of scripts fail when professionals execute automation testing with improper synchronization.

To avoid such problems, testing company should use smart waits like Fluent waits, Implicit and Explicit waits that are available within Selenium. It allows you to handle the sync issues with customization strategies.

Pop-Up Windows

Pop-ups are part of the operating system and appear on the screen during automation testing. However, the Selenium testing framework sometimes fails while recording the Pop-Ups in web applications and makes it very challenging for the development team to automate their process.

Furthermore, window-based notifications are Selenium's strengths as they are part of operating systems, not browsers. With the Selenium WebDriver, you can manage web-based alerts easily with the help of the SwitchTo method because it works on multiple windows and provides a facility to control the pop-up when the browser runs in the background.

Again hire selenium testers who are experienced and know how to perform testing with this automated framework. They may use commands like getText (), void accept (), and void dismiss () to handle pop-ups or use other functions to perform testing with ease.

Pinpoint Dynamic Elements

The web elements of many websites or web apps are dynamic in nature and may not be visible when you visit the website for the very first time. This is because many companies design web pages only for specific users, and they display different information based on their target audience requirements.

When performing testing with Selenium, it is necessary to use functions such as ends-with, starts-with that testers may use to handle dynamic objects. Moreover, you can manage the dynamic elements with dynamic CSS selectors or dynamic XPath.

Multi-Tab Testing

With Selenium, it is simple to test web applications on multiple tabs when you use the right commands. For instance, if you want to get the test done on a new tab without closing the current tab, you’re not allowed to monitor all of the tabs and may return to the parent tab.

First of all, you need to store the current window handle in one variable. Secondly, you can shift to the new window and store it in the second variable. After that, you can use the SwitchTo method when you want to switch the windows based on your needs.

Page Loading

Some web pages load different elements based on the users and are considered as user-specific. You can display some features based on the previous user’s behavior. If you make the restaurant app and contains some drop-down menu of veg foods, non-veg foods, Italian foods, it is necessary to show the relatable food items in drop-down menus.

The Selenium scripts may not identify the element during the runtime. To overcome these complex issues, you should use explicit waits that provide enough time to load and discover the element.

OTP & Captcha Handling

We all know, OTP and Captcha sometimes don’t display the predicted values. Automating features like new account registration and payment gateway requires OTP and Captcha. Their testing is the challenging part for automation testers.

You can’t avoid manual testing because 100% of automation is never possible. To acquire the desired results, you must have proper knowledge of the Selenium testing framework and a list of useful checklists to get the testing done.


Test scalability is another challenge faced by testers during Selenium testing automation. You must perform the tests on different operating systems, resolutions, and browsers. You can run tests in sequential order with Selenium WebDriver.

However, it doesn’t provide an effective way to conduct cross-browser testing. You can expand the multiple features while testing the application and prepare possible test cases as per your requirements. Again, you need to hire selenium testers to make your app scalable.

Limited Reporting Capabilities

Being a reputed Selenium testing company, you need to prepare good testing reports after implementing test cases as it helps you find bugs quickly and analyze the entire test scenario.

Due to some limitations in the Selenium testing framework, it can’t generate good reports, but it's automated testing capabilities are wonderful. Whenever it comes to prepare the reports for clients, you can use either another automation tool or co-operate with Selenium.

To Conclude

Selenium is a widely used tool or framework for automating your testing processes. Besides, various challenges are faced by testing teams and developers that we discussed above while performing automation testing with it. If you’re the person who wants to overcome these challenges from a third-party, you can hand over your project to the trustworthy Selenium testing company to make your work easier. Other than that, you can follow Youtube, tutorials, blogs to learn to work with test automation using Selenium.