Common Conditions of Foot & Lower Leg
Foot & Knee being two sensitive parts of the body are prone to many injuries. Lets us get to know the common conditions that can occur in the foot & knee.
Common Painful Conditions in Lower Leg & Foot
Plantar Fasciitis: Pain directly beneath or in front of the heel; chronic inflammation of the fascia as a result of excessive pronation.
Hallux Valgus (Bunions): A (sometimes painful) bump at the medial base of the great toe. Excessive pronation and hypermobility of first metatarsal ray causes toe-off to come off the medial (inside) side instead of the plantar surface of the great toe.
Hammertoes are painful bone contractures of the toes, usually with an associated area of hyperkeratosis or callous. They may be individual, or there may be hammertoes present on all eight lesser toes. The great toe can also develop a hammertoe.
Calluses are thickened, dead tissue involving the outer layer of the skin (epidermis). Calluses are located on the soles of the feet, particularly the ‘balls,’ while corns are located on the toes.
Inflammation of the sheath surrounding the Achilles tendon; pain behind the heel, ankle and lower calf.
As with all cases of tendonitis, patellar tendonitis is simply the inflammation, degeneration or rupture of the patellar ligament and the tissue that surround it, leading to pain and discomfort in the area just below the knee cap.
Shin Splints is the inflammation of the tendons and muscles in the front or on the medial side of the lower leg.
Neuroma is the inter-metatarsal forefoot pain located at the ball of the foot and/or toe numbness. Generally located between the 3rd and 4th metatarsal bones (third inner space).
This outside or lateral knee pain is caused by the ITB pulling up on it’s insertion on the outside of the knee. Underneath the ITB near it’s insertion at the knee is a bursa. When that ITB is pulled tight it put too much pressure on the bursa and that bursa reacted by becoming inflamed and swollen, giving you pain.
One or more of the metatarsal heads become painful and/or inflamed, usually due to excessive pressure over a long period of time. It is common to experience acute, recurrent, or chronic pain with metatarsalgia.
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