Abortion and Public Health

4.7
Abortion and Public Health

Unsafe abortion was included in the Cairo Conference Plan of Action, paragraph 8.25, as a public health issue.

Abortion as a Public Health Issue

Unsafe abortion was included in the Cairo Conference Plan of Action, paragraph 8.25, as a public health issue.

Of the 46 million abortions performed in the world each year, 20 million comply with the rule of unsafe abortions according to the criteria of the World Health Organization, document of 1996. Of all the women who have an abortion, 70,000 die each anus.

The signatory governments are committed to improving the quality of care and reducing mortality and post-abortion morbidity.

This forces women to expand their access to legally admitted rights, creating actions that allow them to access their sexual and reproductive rights.

In the four Hospitals dedicated to obstetrics in the City of Córdoba, Argentina, between 19,000 and 20,000 births are registered per year with an abortion rate that ranges between 19 and 26%.

Abortions increase in greater proportion than births with an upward trend, year after year.

Without support and counseling these women will become pregnant again and will likely repeat the cycle.

That is why we intend to incorporate care services that help women to reduce unwanted pregnancies, to manage incomplete abortion in the safest way for women, to good post-abortion control, to complete contraceptive guidance, to disclosure of emergency contraception and to guarantee psychological and social support for women who have had an abortion, so that they have sufficient authority to make decisions about their general and sexual health, with safety, dignity and personal support. (Furedi A)

The care system must include:

Reception of the pregnant woman, information, counseling, access to adequate services, appropriate technology available for the treatment of abortion, contraceptive practices and social and psychological support.

Reception: by personnel trained and trained for the clinical surgical management of abortion and prepared to treat the woman in the best way, without derogatory comments regarding the abortion issue.

1- Counseling: advice on immediate contraception. Guidance for women who want to repeat a new pregnancy as soon as possible. Social and psychological treatment.

2- Existence of emergency services. Relationship between the medical assistance service itself and those of family planning and social service and psychological support.

3- Appropriate technology: predominant use of manual vacuum aspiration (MVA)

4- Family planning after incomplete abortion. treating the woman with respect, informing her about the situation and her needs, providing adequate information, advising that she can get pregnant almost immediately. That she can use contraceptives and that she can be provided with contraceptives, and providing psychological and social support.

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