Are you interested in learning more about cryopreservation?

Are you interested in learning more about cryopreservation?

This article will provide you with a thorough understanding of cryopreservation.

Society and childbearing patterns have evolved, but the biological fundamentals of fertility have not. Becoming pregnant in your 20s is easier than getting pregnant in your late 30s or 40s. Because the reproductive rate drops with age, this is the case. Most women reach menopause in their late 40s or early 50s, and conceiving a child becomes more difficult in the years leading up to menopause due to a lower fertility rate. It is where egg freezing, a medical process that can help women become pregnant later in age with minimal complications, comes into play.

Dr. Hrishikesh Pai - well known IVF Specialist in India, defines Cryopreservation as the process of preserving living tissues, cells, or organs at temperatures below freezing to preserve them for future use.

Science is still a long way from making these kinds of unbelievable cryopreservation applications a reality. On the other hand, Cryopreservation is far from science fiction and has numerous helpful and practical applications in medicine, particularly in infertility treatment.

Cryopreservation can be used in fertility treatment to extend an individual's reproductive abilities into later life, preserve healthy reproductive cells and tissues through cancer treatments, and even during active fertility treatments and in vitro fertilization cycles to improve the chances of conception, successful pregnancy, and future treatment success.

What is egg freezing, and how does it work?

According to Dr. Hrishikesh Pai, egg freezing is preserving a woman's egg to get pregnant in the future. Egg freezing, also known as mature oocyte cryopreservation, is a technique for protecting a woman's capacity to conceive. "Eggs are taken from a woman's ovaries, frozen unfertilized, and kept for later use." In-vitro fertilization involves combining a frozen egg with sperm in a lab and implanting it in the uterus," he explained.

Egg freezing

What is the significance of it?

Women are born with a fixed set of eggs, as we all know. With age, the number of eggs produced decreases. There are around 1 million eggs at birth, but only about 300,000 remain until a girl enters adolescence. During a woman's reproductive lifetime, only 300 to 400 eggs are ovulated.

"With age, the quality and quantity of these eggs drop, lowering the rate of fertility later in life," Dr. Hrishikesh Pai, IVF Specialist in India, stated. "Egg freezing is a method of ensuring conception in later life."

Egg freezing is for those who want to get pregnant in their 40s or have a chronic illness. "It's also good for ladies who have been diagnosed with cancer." Chronic disease treatment affects the ovaries, which might make it difficult to conceive. "Egg freezing can be a great alternative in these cases,".

What is the process of freezing eggs?

Because the eggs aren't fertilized before they're frozen, sperm isn't necessary for egg freezing. Egg freezing has three processes. Every lady must complete these three processes.

The first is consultation, which entails the woman undergoing a series of tests to assess the condition of her eggs in her ovaries and other criteria to be considered throughout the treatment.

The second is ovarian stimulation, which involves injecting synthetic hormones into the ovaries daily to activate them—small follicles in the ovaries aid in the development of eggs.

The egg retrieval and freezing process is the third phase. The vagina and ovaries are pierced with a tiny needle once the eggs have matured to collect the eggs. In the lab, the eggs are cleaned and frozen.


Cryopreservation-related FAQs.

1. What Applications Does It Have?

Cryopreservation minimizes the amount of oocyte or sperm extractions necessary for infertility treatment, depending on the couple's preferences and specific fertility treatment needs. Cryopreservation allows a couple to go through additional in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycles without making new embryos each time.

2. Who Should Think About Cryopreservation?

The IVF specialist in India says that Cryopreservation is commonly used by men and women of reproductive age who undergo cancer treatments to maintain their capacity to start a family with healthy reproductive cells (oocytes or sperm) after treatment. Cryopreservation is also commonly used by women to store healthy eggs to boost their chances of pregnancy later in life.

Cryopreservation allows couples undergoing fertility therapy to save embryos for use in a future IVF round, avoiding the need to remove eggs or sperm to make fresh embryos throughout each cycle. There are several advantages to using Cryopreservation and frozen embryo transfer during fertility treatments.

3. What is a Frozen Embryo Transfer, and how does it work?

Completing an IVF cycle utilizing frozen embryos from a previous process is a frozen embryo transfer (FET). Excess embryos can be saved and used in subsequent IVF cycles after a failed pregnancy or even after a successful pregnancy and birth. It means the pair won't have to collect new eggs for each IVF cycle and pregnancy attempt. Cryopreservation to save embryos for future use ensures that high-quality embryos are available for future implantation. It also lowers the cost of several IVF cycles and the number of pre-IVF consultations couples must attend to have a successful IVF cycle and embryo implantation.

The success rates of IVF cycles employing frozen embryo transfers are roughly identical to IVF cycles utilizing fresh embryos. Although there is a slight danger that cells will be destroyed during the freezing and thawing process, IVF Specialists in India believe that Cryopreservation of embryos is both safe and effective, with a 95 percent embryo survival rate. Furthermore, successfully transferred frozen embryos produce healthy infants with the same birth abnormalities as usually created newborns.


After the procedure, there are a few things to remember.

1. Egg freezing carries no risks, and one can resume normal activities within a week of egg retrieval. There are, however, a few things that every woman should keep in mind during this time.

2. Avoid unprotected intercourse if you don't want to get pregnant.

3. If you have a high temperature, abdominal pain, or vaginal bleeding, see your doctor.