Few things to be kept in mind when it comes to Hip Transplant Surgery.
Dr. Sandeep Singh will cover everything you need to know about hip transplant surgery in this post.
The surgical treatment of removing the diseased bone and cartilage of the hip joint, the ball and socket joint, and replacing it with artificial implants is a total hip replacement. It is also known as total hip arthroplasty.
Who is a Candidate for the Surgery?
Age or weight is not a consideration for opting for this surgery.
According to Dr. Sandeep Singh, the best orthopedic doctor in Bhubaneswar, the reference for surgery is made based on the discomfort and disability of the patient. However, it has been observed that people among the age group of 50 and 80 years generally need total hip replacement surgery.
Orthopedic surgeons perform the surgical procedure after a detailed assessment of patients individually.
Conditions that Make the Surgery needed are:
1. Hip osteoarthritis
2. Rheumatoid arthritis
3. Post-traumatic arthritis
4. Avascular necrosis
5. Childhood hip disease
When is the Surgery Recommended?
A total hip replacement is suggested due to several reasons. People who benefit from this surgery have:
a. Hip pain that remains while resting.
b. Hip pain that restricts walking, bending, and other regular happenings.
c. Toughness is one of the hips restraining the person's ability to lift or move the leg.
d. X-rays, MRI scans, or other examinations indicates significant injury requiring surgery.
Are there any complications and Risks of Hip Replacement Operation?
A total hip replacement can have specific complications and threats like any other surgery, which includes:
d. Blood clots in the lungs or legs
e. Leg length difference
f. Hip implant loosening
g. Need for additional or revision hip surgery
h. Nerve injury that can cause numbness, weakness or both
How Long Would the Replacement Last?
The best orthopedic doctor in Bhubaneswar states that Hip replacements usually wear out with time. However, it is estimated to last for 15 and 25 years.
Role of Physiotherapy in Recovering THR Surgery
Just half of the fight is won when it comes to Total Hip Replacement surgery. It is crucial to opt for physiotherapy rehabilitation to maximize independence and functionality by building muscle strength around the new joint.
To get back to normal, a person will have to undergo physiotherapy for a long time of about many weeks or even months.
Postoperative Care for Hip Replacement
1. What should be done after waking up from the Surgery
When a patient wakes up from anesthesia, he or she will have a triangle-shaped pillow between his or her legs, slightly extended. According to Dr, Sanjay Singh, the best orthopedic doctor in Bhubaneswar, this pillow is designed to support the hips. In the days following surgery, a doctor can advise a patient to use the pad while sleeping and resting in bed.
The patient will recover sensation in his or her legs in the hours following surgery. The doctor will treat pain ahead of time with a multimodal analgesia approach, which combines complementary pain-relieving methods while minimizing side effects.
2. How Much Weight Can Be Put On the New Hip?
The patient will be given various weight-bearing guidelines to follow. Initially, a small percentage of weight is recommended to put on the affected leg, which will increase after a while.
The pressure the new hip can bear will depend on various factors such as:
The type of surgery and prostheses used
The condition of the patient's natural bone
How the prostheses were fixated to the natural bone.
Mostly, the patients are discharged within 2 to 5 days. Typically, a surgeon will okay a patient's discharge once the pain is under control and the patient can:
Walk short distances (around 150 to 300 feet) with the aid of assistive devices, such as a walker or crutches
Eat meals sitting up
Perform simple exercises
Follow precautions to avoid dislocating the new hip
3. When Can Hip Replacement Patients Drive?
Some patients may drive as soon as two weeks after surgery, while others may need as long as eight weeks. In addition, reflexes and muscle strength should be returned to their pre-surgical levels.
4. When will patients who have had a hip replacement go back to work?
The first question that many hip replacement applicants have is, "If I have this operation, when will I return to work?"
While each patient's recovery is different, experts agree that people who work in sedentary or desk jobs can return to work in 4 to 6 weeks.
Construction and landscaping workers, for example, are not expected to reopen. The new hip can wear out prematurely due to the constant and repetitive strain, necessitating a second surgery.
Teachers, for example, whose work involves regular standing or occasional bending, may return to work after three months.
Post-Surgical Hip Replacement Precautions and Tips
A. Use of a Walking aid
A walker or cane will assist a person in walking and will make sure that a person does not fall and dislocate the new hip.
Most patients can decrease dependence on their canes and walkers over time.
B. Treat the Hip Pain
Hip replacement patients must get adequate pain relief; otherwise, it becomes a challenge to exercise. Some patients do not wish to accept any medications because of the side effects. These patients can talk to their doctors, address concerns, and develop a pain management plan that minimizes side effects and risks.
C. Make Specific Goals with your Physical Therapist
A physical therapist may assist a patient in achieving their recovery objectives. If the patient's home has a lot of stairs, for example, the physical therapist will aim at preparing the patient for going up and down.
Physical therapy is critical to hip replacement recovery, regardless of personal goals. Patients who attend their physical therapy appointments and complete the activities recommended by their therapist heal faster and have better results than those who do not.
D. Movement Restrictions must be obeyed
Patients with hip replacements are given a lengthy list of things to avoid, including bending the hips or knees more than 90 degrees, crossing the ankles, lifting the leg to put on socks, and more. The new hip is protected from dislocation by these movement constraints.
The best orthopedic doctor in Bhubaneswar is of the opinion that hip dislocation occurs between 3% and 4% of hip replacement patients, making it the most common complication. Hip dislocation is a painful and potentially serious complication that necessitates a second operation.
E. Be Patient and Keep Trying
After hip replacement surgery, many patients wish to do too much at once, which risks injury or dislocation. Alternatively, some people delay getting back into a routine more than needed. Every patient must work with a doctor and physical therapist to find the right balance between activity and rest. That balance will change over time—for as long as a year—as hip function improves and stabilizes.