Laparoscopic Procedure- Here's what you need to know about it
In this article, Dr. Sandeep Nayak will go over everything you need to know about laparoscopic surgery.
What is a laparoscopic procedure?
Laparoscopy is a surgical procedure that examines the organs inside the belly. It's a low-risk, minimally invasive technique that necessitates a few minor cuts.
A laparoscope is used to examine the abdominal organs during laparoscopy. It is a long, narrow tube with a front-mounted high-intensity light and a high-resolution camera. The tool is introduced into the abdominal wall through an incision. The camera delivers photos to a TV monitor as it goes along.
The best cancer specialist in Bangalore can look inside your body in real-time with laparoscopy, eliminating the need for open surgery.
What is the purpose of laparoscopy?
Laparoscopy is used to determine the cause of pelvic or abdominal pain. When non-invasive approaches fail to help in diagnosis, this procedure is frequently used. Abdominal issues can frequently be diagnosed using imaging techniques such as:
• Ultrasound, which creates images of the body using high-frequency sound waves.
• A CT scan is a set of X-rays that provide cross-sectional images of the body.
• Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan creates images of the body using magnets and radio waves.
When these tests do not provide enough information or insight to make a diagnosis, laparoscopy is used. The procedure can also be used to obtain a biopsy, or tissue sample, from a specific abdominal organ.
Your doctor can detect the following things using a laparoscope:
• a mass or tumor in the abdomen
• a build-up of fluid in the abdominal cavity
• liver ailment
• the efficacy of specific treatments
• the extent to which specific cancer has advanced
In addition, the best cancer specialist in Bangalore may be able to treat your disease soon after diagnosis with an intervention.
What should I do to prepare for a laparoscopy?
The patient should disclose any prescription or over-the-counter medications you're consuming to your doctor. Your doctor will instruct you on how to use them before and after the procedure. Your doctor may adjust any medications that may affect the outcome of the laparoscopy.
If you're pregnant or think you might be pregnant, you should tell your doctor. It will lessen the danger of injury to your unborn child.
Your doctor may prescribe blood tests, urinalysis, an electrocardiogram (EKG or ECG), and a chest X-ray before a laparoscopy. Specific imaging tests, such as an ultrasound, CT scan, or MRI scan, may be ordered by your doctor.
These tests can assist your doctor in gaining a better understanding of the abnormality being checked during laparoscopy. Your doctor will be able to see the inside of your abdomen thanks to the results.
You should avoid eating and drinking for at least eight hours before your laparoscopy. After the procedure, you should arrange for a family member or friend to drive you home. A general anesthetic is frequently used during laparoscopy, making you tired and preventing you from going for several hours after the procedure.
How long does laparoscopy take to recover?
You'll be monitored for many hours after the procedure before being released from the hospital. Your vital signs will be closely checked, including your breathing and heart rate. Staff at the hospital will also monitor any adverse responses to the anesthesia or surgery and any persistent bleeding.
Your release date will be different. It is dependent on:
• your current bodily state
• the anesthetic that was used
• the way your body reacts to the procedure
You may have to stay in the hospital overnight in some circumstances.
You may experience significant pain and throb in the places where incisions were made in the days following your laparoscopy. Any soreness or pain should subside within a few days. To alleviate the pain, your doctor may prescribe medication.
According to Dr. Sandeep Nayak, the best cancer specialist in Bangalore, shoulder soreness also frequently follows your treatment. The carbon dioxide gas used to inflate your abdomen to create a working space for the surgical tools is usually the source of pain. Your diaphragm, which shares nerves with your shoulder, maybe irritated by the gas. It could also induce bloating. Within a few days, the soreness should subside.
Within a week, you should be able to resume your normal activities. Two weeks after your laparoscopy, you'll need to see your doctor for a follow-up appointment.
After Laparoscopic Surgery, Precautions and Post-operative Care
When laparoscopic surgery, the patient must be cautious. The surgeon's and his team's responsibility is to provide detailed post-operative instructions after the patient is discharged from the hospital.
Regular follow-ups are required after surgery until the surgeon is happy with the healing of the incision wound at the operation site. To do so, the patient must return to his surgeon for a follow-up visit within the first or second week. This appointment is critical since it is at these appointments that long-term post-operative treatment will be decided.
The stitches used to close the incisions during surgery do not need to be removed because they will disintegrate in two to six weeks. Immediately following surgery, tell the patient to cover the incision site for at least 48 hours. After that, he can wash and use a soft towel to pat the wet patch at the incision site with soft power. For further protection, keep the wound covered with an adhesive bandage.
Except in rare situations where keloid scars occur, incision wounds do not leave a spot.
Dr. Sandeep Nayak, the best cancer specialist in Bangalore, highly recommends that the patient avoid these things shortly following surgery.
The patient should do the following:
1. Avoid driving for the first 48 hours after the laparoscopic operation because the anesthetic may make him tired.
2. After surgery, take it easy for the remainder of the day.
3. He can return to work after 24 hours as long as he is not on any narcotic medications.
4. Do not bathe or shower for the first 48 hours following surgery.
5. To avoid dehydration, drink as much water as possible.
6. To avoid stomach troubles following surgery, avoid hard foods and stick to mild liquids like apple juice, ginger ale, soup, bread, etc.
7. Return to a regular diet after two to three days if the patient is feeling well.
8. Drink plenty of water to avoid constipation caused by pain relievers.
It is possible to witness excellent outcomes. The patient can enjoy the newest laparoscopic surgery benefits by requiring the patient to adhere to specific post-operative care and precautions following the surgery.