Learn everything about the liver and the liver transplant process

Learn everything about the liver and the liver transplant process

In this article, Dr. Gaurav Gupta will go over everything you need to know about liver transplants.

A liver transplant in Mumbai is a procedure that removes the diseased liver and replaces it with a healthy one. The most common reason for a liver transplant is cirrhosis of the liver. Liver cancer, acute liver failure, and genetic diseases are among the other symptoms.

How can I tell if my liver has been damaged?

According to Dr. Gaurav Gupta, the liver transplant surgeon in Mumbai states that the following are some of the most significant symptoms of liver failure:

1. Eyes that are yellowish in color (Jaundice)

2. Inflammation of the feet

3. Vomit or stools containing blood

4. Water retention in the abdomen causes swelling.

5. Weakness and a lack of appetite

6. Perplexity or disorientation

7. Muscle atrophy

8. Gums are bruising and bleeding quickly.

What kinds of liver transplants are there?

There are two different kinds of transplants.

1. Transplantation of a cadaveric liver

The liver is taken from a brain-dead person whose heart is still beating in these situations. The organs can be transplanted to the patient as long as the rest of the dead body is healthy.

2. Liver transplant from a living donor (LDLT)

A member of the patient's family who is well donating a portion of his or her liver. This type of donor is referred to as a "living donor." Donors are subjected to a rigorous and in-depth medical examination. The liver is the only solid organ that can regrow and heal after being sliced, making LDLT a viable choice.

Is a blood group match needed for a liver transplant?

The blood group of the patient should be similar or compatible. It makes no difference whether you are positive or negative. People with the blood group' O' are universal donors, and those with the blood group 'AB' are universal recipients.

The procedure for a liver transplant

The liver transplant surgeon in Mumbai states that it is essential to clarify to the family who should donate while preparing a Living Donor Liver Transplant (LDLT). A committee must approve any liver transplant involving a living donor. The committee and the prescribing doctors are responsible for ensuring that no one is charged or forced to donate. It is difficult to prove in practice unless the donor is a close relative of the patient. The patient's blood group and the donor's blood group must be compatible.

A O, A
B O, B
AB O, A, B, AB
blood type match

People with the blood group' O' are universal donors, and those with the blood group 'AB' are universal recipients, as seen in the table above.

After confirming that the blood groups are compatible, the donor undergoes a thorough medical history and physical examination to ensure that he or she does not have a medical condition that would raise the risk of surgery.

Things to Consider Before Getting a Liver Transplant in Mumbai.

Despite how frightening and complex the concept of a liver transplant may seem, it is one of the most commonly performed medical procedures in the United States. In India, liver transplantation is not a new procedure. It has a 38-year history in the country and a remarkable number of people who emerge entirely healthy and fit due to the process.

What factors are considered when deciding on a treatment plan?

A team of physicians or experts performs a proper diagnosis to assess whether or not a patient needs the treatment. The assessment consists of reviewing your medical history, a battery of scans, X-rays, and blood tests to decide whether the invasive operation is necessary for you and whether your body can withstand it. The heart, brain, lungs, kidneys, and other organs of your body are also tested and examined.

The Protocol followed:

A liver transplant in Mumbai is a straightforward but meticulous procedure. In this case, no drastic or unexpected actions are taken. The patient and his or her family are fully informed about the procedure's specifics and requirements. The patient's and his or her family's input and relevant information are gathered and acknowledged. All of this contributes to the history required to carry out a liver transplant procedure. Furthermore, a donor must be found for the process to complete; therefore, no hasty decisions can be made.

The procedure for arranging donors.

There are two groups of liver transplant donors. They may be either deceased or living donors. A dead donor's liver is removed from a deceased individual and transplanted into the patient's body. The whole liver may be taken in this situation. Waiting for a deceased donor, on the other hand, will take a long time.

It is always easier to find a live donor in these situations. A portion of the liver is taken from a living donor and inserted into the patient's body. The livers of both the donor and the recipient's bodies regenerate to their standard size after a while.

liver transplant

The risk factor in the procedure.

It is healthy for both the donor (who is alive) and the recipient (dead). The liver will regenerate in as little as two to three months. After the first two to three weeks of liver transplant in Mumbai, the donor does not need to take any medication and has no complications for the rest of his life. Within one month, he or she may be back to normal. He or she may also resume strenuous activities such as lifting weights after three months.

Cost factor

If you're concerned about the cost of a liver transplant in India, it's time to relax! Some of the best hospitals and healthcare institutions in the country sell attractive packages for the procedure and accept medical benefits for their patients and their families.

Frequently Asked Questions to the Liver Transplant Surgeon in Mumbai about Life After a Liver Transplant.

1. What is the expected lifespan of my liver transplant?

The results of a liver transplant can be fantastic. Around 30 years after the treatment, recipients have been known to live everyday life.

According to the most recent UNOS/OPTN (2004) data, the national average one-year graft survival is 83 percent, with patient survival rates of 87 percent for patients receiving a deceased donor liver and 92 percent for those receiving a living donor liver.

It's essential to keep in mind that a variety of factors influences these numbers. They include ALL transplanted patients, including the elderly and the young, those who were seriously ill, and those who had less serious liver problems at the time of the transplant.

2. What should I expect in terms of quality of life following a liver transplant?

The first three months after a transplant are the most challenging. The body is getting used to the "new" liver and all of the drugs needed to keep it healthy. Patients can care for themselves with only minimal limitations by the time they are discharged from the hospital. After a transplant, most patients will return to work in 3 to 6 months. It is possible to participate in sports, get good exercise, socialize, and travel for business and pleasure.

liver transplant

3. Would my liver condition return after I have a transplant?

In the new liver, some liver diseases can reappear. Hepatitis C is one such example. The transplant team will provide you with information on the likelihood of recurrence of specific liver diseases. If there is a chance of reproduction, the transplant team will keep a close eye on you to help prevent it.

4. What is the average post-surgery pain level?

While there is pain after a liver transplant, it is usually not as intense as after other abdominal operations. Since nerves are severed during the initial abdominal incision, the skin around the abdomen becomes numb.

5. Is it possible for me to return to work after my transplant?

Yes, following a transplant, patients are encouraged to return to work. Returning to work is usually possible after around three months. When they re-acclimate to the workplace, some patients may need light-duty duties. Since the debilitating condition has been treated, disability usually is not granted for more than six months after a liver transplant unless complications occur. Patients should think about their long-term job aspirations from the beginning of the transplant process so that they can return to work quickly and prevent losing their health care coverage.