Theater is a mirror of life, which is always interesting and exciting for people to look in, regardless of time.
It is a place where one can see his/her own reflection, dream, mourn and laugh at himself/herself. The development of the theater is always inseparable from the development of the society and the state of culture in general. The features of social development are tied with its bloom and decline, the prevalence in the theater of various artistic trends and its role in the spiritual life of the country. This paper will discuss theater productions that are oriented towards different cultures.
Every nationality and culture is individual, and each of them has its peculiarities. Theater is an integral part of the culture of each nationality. For a representative of the Middle Eastern culture, it would be interesting to compare plays, which are oriented on the eastern culture, with those of the western cultural orientation. In the eastern theater, forms with their metaphysical actions, unlike the psychological tendencies of the western one, acquire their meaning and significance. The acting is based on the idealized, well-honed techniques of expression, stylized movements, and gestures. It is noted that directors of the contemporary world theater try to reach something more meaningful in their plays, where the reflection of the literary text recedes into the background. It can be seen in the famous play Unveiled, written and performed by Rohina Malik. This is a story about Muslim women, who tell their own story; they explain their culture and talk about the life of a Muslim woman.
It is something more than a simple story because it breaks down the stereotypes about Muslim women. Rohina Malik stated, "I feel that theater is a very powerful way to solve some of our problems in society. I believe in the power of theater, and the power of storytelling". The western culture is represented in the theater differently. The theater language is the most important element for the famous theater director like Robert Wilson. The silence is very important for him during the working process, where the actors should not worry about how to say the words, they should be aware of their own body. He notices and feels every detail by how the actors move. He has managed to embody his understanding of theater and acting in the play View of the Deaf. This play represents both the awakened life and the life seen with the closed eyes, where the reality and sleep are mixed. The leading character, being deaf, is thinking not by words but visible images. Robert Wilson states, "I do theater, I do not do meanings" . The western theater is getting figurative plastic forms, leaving social actuality of being. On the one hand, the learning of the completely different culture, which is unfamiliar, is not clear, but on the other hand, it is interesting. The comparison of two completely different cultures gives the opportunity to broaden one’s horizons. It is very difficult to describe the feelings when studying and listening to the play of another culture. Such contrast between two cultures attracts interest. Without a doubt, it is necessary to write, read about other cultures, as the knowledge of something new is always useful.
Modern theater is a very complex and multifaceted phenomenon. It is an ever-living art because there is a human person with perennial problems and beliefs in the center. Theater and culture are constantly connected with each other, where each specific cultural group has its own characteristics with a certain power of attraction. Attention and interest in this type of art was and will be forever.
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