What are the Causes of High Blood Pressure and its Prevention

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What are the Causes of High Blood Pressure and its Prevention

The heart is a vital organ in the human body as it is able to pump blood with enough force in the arteries to all parts of the body starting from the head...

The heart is a vital organ in the human body as it is able to pump blood with enough force in the arteries to all parts of the body starting from the head to the legs. You can define blood pressure as the pressure of blood in the walls of the arteries as it circulates through the entire body.

Blood pressure usually has high pressure as it leaves the heart but decreases as it enters through small arteries. Blood pressure or hypertension is a chronic medical condition in which the blood pressure in the arteries is elevated beyond the limits within which it is supposed to be in the smaller arteries veins and capillaries.

High blood pressure is often called a silent killer because during the initial stages it is not visible and it is only when n organ in the body is damaged that the consequences of hypertension become evident.

The blood pressure recording involves first reading the systolic pressure and this involves measuring the pressure when the heart is pumping blood through the arteries, the other recording involves the diastolic pressure and this is the pressure in the arteries when the heart is receiving blood from the body.

Normal blood pressure is usually recorded as 120/80 with the upper part representing systolic pressure while the lower part represents the diastolic pressure. Hypertension is usually by the range 160/100 and whenever it reaches this value it can be highly fatal if not controlled.

Lifelong control of blood pressure is known to prevent complications especially heart attacks, stroke, or kidney failure. With the development of high blood pressure, medication is known to be taken for the rest of the lifetime, unlike other illnesses.

Obesity is known to be the major contributor to high blood pressure as it makes one have a chance of between 2 and 6 developing this complication. Normal body weight or even losing a few pounds is known to help one in preventing this chronic condition.

People who exercise on regular basis are known to have a lower chance of being hypertensive. Light exercises such as the daily jogging or even simply walking around with a dog can do you a lot of justice against this illness.

Dietary is very vital in curbing hypertension this involves eating plenty of fruits vegetable and low-fat dry food. Sodium intake should be significantly reduced. Drinking alcohol is known to raise blood pressure thus should be stopped or reduced completely and stress management is encouraged in trying to curb this menace.