What Should I Know About Intravitreal Injections?

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What Should I Know About Intravitreal Injections?

An Intravitreal Injection is a procedure in which a shot of medicine is placed into the eye.

Intravitreal injections are one of the most common and effective treatment for a wide variety of retinal conditions. In this procedure, medication is administered directly into the vitreous body. Although the idea of Intravitreal injections for treatment of retinal conditions might be daunting but this vision-saving procedure isn’t as scary as it sounds.

Anti-VEGF Injections

The most common medications administered through intravitreal injection are anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) medications. This class of medications are typically recommended to treat eye conditions that feature abnormal neovascularizations or vascular leaks. The process of writing is spurred on by the protein known as a vascular endothelial growth factor.

Anti-VEGF medications work by inhibiting this protein, preventing abnormal neovascularization, and vascular leakage in the retina and vitreous. Avastin (Bevacizumab), Eylea (Aflibercept), and Lucentis (Ranibizumab) are most widely used anti-VEGF medications in retina care.

What Conditions Are Treated with Anti-VEGF Medicine?

Anti-VEGF medications are best procedure performed by an ophthalmologist to treat retinal conditions that affect the retinal vasculature, including:

Wet age-related macular degeneration (AMD)

Proliferative diabetic retinopathy

Retinal vein occlusions

Although these conditions differ from each other, they all share the pathology of abnormal leakage or neovascularization involving the retina.

Intravitreal Injections: What to Expect

The idea of intravitreal injections is not surprising to most patients. However, they are also afraid of the worst part of the procedure: the anticipation.The majority of patients have very little pain or discomfort during the procedure.

Intravitreal Injections are performed in-office, and generally take 15 minutes or less to complete. Before starting laser eye surgery, your doctor will first clean your eye with antiseptic and use anesthetizing eye drops to numb your eye. The doctor will hold your eyelids open with a speculum. He or she will then instruct you to look at something that is in the opposite direction. You will receive an injection into one of your eyes. The medicine will be injected directly into your sclera (the white part of the eye).

After a few days, the recovery process is minimal. Minor irritation, as well as the occasional spot of blood, is normal. Although it's advised not to touch your eye after undergoing an intravitreal injection, touching the site directly can lead to a bacterial infection.

Schedule an appointment with an eye doctor in Joliet and see if intravitreal injections are a good treatment option for you. Contact Windy City Retina today!