Everything You Need To Know About Grading Land

Everything You Need To Know About Grading Land

Land grading is important for providing a clear canvas for your hardscaping projects. The article explains various aspects of land grading in detail.

Not every land is smooth and strong enough to support infrastructure, so you need to grade the land before any landscaping or hardscaping project. Land grading is a widely used phenomenon but is known by some.

If you have land that you plan to build on someday, you need to know what land grading is? Why is it important for any landscaping or hardscaping projects? To help you, the article below explains land grading in detail.

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What Is Land Grading?

Land grading simply means to level the ground to prepare it for new construction. In this, the first from the higher upland is moved to the lower surface land to create a nice leveled surface, to serve as a foundation for your new construction project. Some areas require you to bring in some extra soil to level up the surface completely.

Building contractors work with land grading surveyors to measure the land’s slope grading; this carrying helps them prepare for leveling the land for the new home or commercial building development.

Land may be graded level or slope. For example, if you want to develop a stone walkway in your house, you will need a nice leveled surface to place the stone. But if you want to channel rainwater out of your house you will need a slope; professional land grading can create both types of foundations for you.

Types Of Land Grading

Each piece of land is different in its grading needs, soil makeup, and vegetation. Moreover, each landowner has unique demands for their home. To cater to the variety in needs and demands, there are several types of land grading available. Some of them are explained below.

Bobcat Machinery

A bobcat is a versatile machine that scoops and moves the soil and then uses another attachment to flatten and smoothen the new surface.

Drainage Solutions

Proper drainage is a critical aspect of any construction project. It can be accomplished by grading your land in slope to provide a water stream a direction to flow. The slope will carry the drainage or rainwater downhill into a stream or runoff or by installing drainage pipes.


Sometimes the land slope surveys show that getting the right grade will need creating a hole and not filling the one. The type of land grading that can help you in this situation is excavation.

Excavation involves the digging of the land to create a low-lying area for the foundation of structures, such as construction on the roadsides, underpasses, flyovers, and more. Modern excavators allow you to work in compact and residential areas with ease.

Surface Smoothing

Sometimes a land may appear flat, but a flat piece of land is not even and ready for construction. However, good surface smoothing can make the surface perfectly flat and make sure your landscaping project has a perfect and clear canvas to work on.

Topsoil Installation

Another commonly used type of land grading is topsoil installation. This technique is used when there isn’t enough soil on the surface to grade it to the required level. It becomes necessary to bring in the extra topsoil.

Topsoil is a useful technique to provide fertile soil for plants to grow better and is aesthetically more pleasing as compared to the existing land soil.

Land Grading For A New Construction Project

Qualified and professional construction contractors know that the good quality of land grading will set the tone for all the coming stages of the project.

Below are some important steps to consider in the process;

Hire A Professional

Always make sure to hire an expert topography professional to develop the grading plan.

Work In Dry Season

While construction projects become a challenge in the winter or rainy season. Carrying land grading in a wet environment is almost impossible. Therefore, it is better to carry land grading in the dry season to over avoid runoff and avoid costly return visits.

Create A Buffer

When you grade the land in slope, it is advisable to create a buffer zone for vegetation to avoid soil erosion from the edges of your property.


You can save a lot of time by recycling the dirt gathered by grading the land. The soil collected can be used to create the final slope on the land. This will save the time and cost of buying extra topsoil.

If you plan to use the collected soil for creating the final slope, make sure to keep it safe until it is ready to be used as a slope component. Spraying mulch or covering the soil with plastic covers will prevent erosion by wind or rain.

Backfill It Tight

This is an important step in the process. The foundation wall should be visible for 6-8 inches.

Too much of the foundation wall showing from the soil will cause moisture problems while too little dirt showing makes the foundation accessible for termites.