Macular Degeneration of the Retina
When the macula does not work correctly, its central vision can be affected by the formation of blurred images, with dark or deformed areas.
The macula is a small area of the retina located at the back of the eye that allows you to see fine details clearly and perform activities such as reading or driving a vehicle. When the macula does not function properly central vision can be affected resulting in blurred images, with dark or distorted areas. Macular degeneration affects your ability to see both near and far objects. It can make some activities (such as threading a needle or reading) difficult or impossible. Although macular degeneration reduces the vision in the central part of the retina, it does not affect the peripheral vision of the eye. For example, you may see the outline of a clock, but not be able to specify what time it is. Macular degeneration itself does not lead to total blindness. Even in the most advanced cases, people continue to have some useful vision in the periphery.
There are two general types of macular degeneration:
Dry Macular Degeneration typically progresses much slower, with less severe damage to eyesight. It can be detected at an early stage during routine eye examinations.
Wet Macular Degeneration is more severe and occurs when there is abnormal blood vessel growth and leakage, which can cause bleeding and scar tissue to develop.
Despite ongoing medical research there is still no cure for macular degeneration, however early diagnosis can help delay its progression. Nutritional supplements, abstaining from smoking, maintaining a healthy weight and protecting your eyes from harmful UV rays by wearing sunglasses can aid in reducing the progression of macular degeneration.
Regular visits to your optometrist are recommended to assess ocular health, even in the absence of visual symptoms.
Located at #14-620 Davenport Rd. in North Waterloo, Ontario, Just North of Conestoga Mall
Call 519-886-EYES to schedule an eye exam