TERPENES MUCH MORE THAN AN AROMA AND FLAVOR?
Terpenes are aromatic compounds that come form plants. Cannabis plants contain true terpenes.
Each plant develops special aromas, smells and flavors. These properties are due to true terpenes. What characterizes them and what is their function? How do they affect people and what can they be used for?
Terpenes. What are they?
Have you ever wondered why a rose has that smell and those colors, so different and characteristic that it does not share with other flowers, the rose is pink, the jasmine is jasmine ... etc each plant, each flower with specific characteristics that characterize each variety and makes it unique. The fruity smells and flavors, for example, mango, lemon, lemon-orange, orange ... are so specific and give each fruit its identity. All because of the smell or the taste without having to see the fruit that it is if we eat a lemon we know that it is a lemon and not a strawberry ... we know by these characteristics which fruit we are eating. These characteristics are due to Terpenes for sale , which are aromatic and volatile organic compounds that are constituted by the union of a hydrocarbon of 5 carbon atoms, called Isoprene. you can buy terpenes as secondary metabolites that give the organoleptic characteristics of plants, are responsible for the physical characteristics that present, all that is the aroma, flavor, texture, color, and temperature plants. The smell and flavor so characteristic of marijuana are due to the terpenes that are present in the cannabis plant.
Functions of terpenes
In addition to providing these organoleptic characteristics to plants, terpenes have more functions. Terpenes are normally located in leaves and flowers, on the one hand their objective is to attract insects so that they pollinate the flowers and on the other hand it is just the opposite, they repel predatory insects with their aroma and flavor, protecting the plant , and even acting as an insecticide . When an increase in temperature occurs, either during the day or at night, the plants begin to synthesize more terpenes, with the aim of helping the plant to resist the temperature without undergoing desiccation, what happens in this case is that terpenes begin to evaporate at high temperatures creating air currents that cool the plant andthey lower the temperature .
Terpenes and the Cannabis plant
The terpenes in the Cannabis plant are those that provide the smell and flavor so characteristic to the different varieties of marijuana: kush, cheese ... They are exuded in the resin, and are responsible for that viscosity or that sticky effect that they have, with it what they do is protect themselves against herbivorous insects, since they remain stuck and immobilized until they die, or just the opposite with their smell they call pollinating insects or predators of other herbivorous insects.
Now if we have several plants of the same variety they do not have to produce the same amount and type of terpenes, there are factors that influence production such as climate, soil, fertilizers, age of the plant ... etc.
Each variety of cannabis plants has its types of terpenes and concentrations. Currently, about 100 terpenes are known and it is even beginning to talk about how these terpenes can influence the effects on people, that is, they act synergistically with cannabinoids such as THC and CBD, which makes the same level of THC before and CBD, the effects can be different between the different varieties and here the terpenes would come into play, influencing the effects against different varieties that have the same concentration of cannabinoids.