True Terpenes & Terpenoids, Biochemistry Classification
Terpenes are aromatic compounds comes form plants. Cannabis plants contain high concentrations of terpenes
Hello and welcome to bioscience with chatham salvati and i'm here to deliver the lecture from my biochemistry series and i will discuss today the most important type of the lipids which are derived lipid True Terpenes and terpenoids as you can see here in the title so uh must watch my lectures about the lipids i have delivered a lecture about triglycerides and phosphorus in detail their medical uses their uh classification and many more so today i'm going to start and just give you the first brief introduction then biosynthesis of the terpenes and then different types of the terpene and turbinates and plants and animals so must watch all my lectures and do subscribe my channel like my videos and share my videos so now i am going to start my lecture what are basically the terpenes terpenes are the simple organic compound and the largest and most diverse groups of naturally occurring compounds that are mostly found in plants but larger classes after pain such as sterol and scoline can be found in animals so um i will discuss all the plants and animal terpenes uh one by one they are responsible for its uh fragrance taste and pigmentations in the plants the taste the fragrance and different colors of the plants fruits and many more are because of the terpenes and turbinades so terpenes are classified on the basis of organization and number of the isoprene unit it contain as a an isoprene unit is a building block of the terpenes like the fatty acids are the building block of the uh all lipids uh like uh triglycerides and phospholipids similarly uh the amino acids are the building block of the protein so just like that isoprene unit is the building block of a terpene that is gaseous hydrocarbon that contain the molecular formula c5h8 i will show you the molecular formula micro diagram okay this is the microstructure of the isoprene you can see here the terpenes are hydrocarbon and represent the largest class of the secondary metabolites they are secondary metabolites which are synthesized in the plants and usually do not contain nitrogen or sulfur in their structures metabolite but must you keep it in your mind they do not contain nitrogen or sulfur in their structure metabolite as you can see the isoprene unit which consists of c uh five carbon and eight hydrogen okay now terpenoids are typical derivatives of terpenes are modified terpenes most of the people are unable to distinguish between the terpenes and terpenoids so i'm here giving you a brief introduction about that what are terpenites their derivatives of terpenes are modified terpenes sometimes called isoparynoid are a large and diverse class of naturally occurring organic chemicals derived from the five carbon compound isoprene and the isoprene polymers called terpenes muscular this is the ah difference between the terpenes and terpin eyes what are terpenites they are derivatives of terpenes are modified terpenes and sometimes called isobernite most are multicyclic structure with oxygen containing functional group about 60 percent of known natural products are terpenoids although sometimes use interchangeably with terpenes.
terpeneites contain additional functional group really containing the oxygen atom is it clear now the concept about the terpenes terpenoid isoprene unit is clear okay biosynthesis now i'm going to discuss little bit i will give you the brief biosynthesis and you can read in detail i will provide the link of the research article in the description box you can download and read about the biosynthesis of the tapinides so here i am giving you just a brief introduction typonites are produced from the universal building blocks iso pantenei diphosphate ipp i4 this is everywhere evaporated as isop pentanyl diphosphate is it clear and the second one is dimethyl diphosphate dmapp first one is what stapinides are produced from the universal building blocks number one is isopentenyl diphosphate and the second one is dimethyl alliance diphosphate ipp and dmapp are synthesized uh through two different biosynthesis pathway biosynthetic pathway number one one of these uh which is known as mep mep is uh evaluated for methyl methyl virtual methyl ethyl for phosphate mep for methyl ether oil for phosphoryl occurs in the plastics and supply mostly the substrate for the production of the mono terpenites monoterpenia dietary finites and the tetra turbinates monoterpene often present in the essential for Buy Terpenes dip type in and tetra terminates the keratinites and keratinized do you know that you are familiar that they are the accessory pigments and consists of carotene centrophil the most important uh pigments in the all the vegetables and fruits and they are also the source of the uh vitamin vitamin especially mostly all the fruits contain keratinides red fruits carrot and many more watermelon they all contain all plants all contain the keratinides and carotenoids are the accessory pigments and help in the capturing of the light during photosynthesis and they also provide the uh first capture the light and then transfer it to the chlorophyll and prevent the chlorophyll from decaying so uh first pathway is known as mep which is methyl ether oil for phosphate okay now the second one is the other pathway which is known as bivalonate mva pathway takes place in the cytosol first one the texture is in the mitochondria which is map and then the membrane which is now the mva takes place in the cytosol the ipp and dmapp which are the building block derived from this pathway are mostly used as a substrate in the production of the uh square tritrapinides and try terpenoids sesquiteta terpenites and uh dry terpenoids in addition there is another pathway which occurred in the mitochondria so terpenet can synthesized.