10 most important terpenes.
Terpenes are aromatic compounds that come from plants. Cannabis plants contain true terpenes.
True Terpenes coexist with cannabinoids like THC and CBD, but they are not psychoactive like THC. They interact with the body's endocannabinoid system and help cannabinoids enter the bloodstream.
Here are the 10 most important terpenes:
It is the most abundant terpene in cannabis. A 1997 Swiss study indicated that myrcene could be as much as 65% of the total buy terpenes in some strains. Its scent often has earthy, musky notes, resembling cloves, as well as a fruity aroma like red grapes. Strains that contain more than 0.5% of this terpene are usually indica with sedative effects, which is good for insomnia. Myrcene is also helpful in reducing inflammation and chronic pain, so it is recommended as a supplement during cancer treatments.
Strains: Skunk XL, Special Kush, White Widow
Bonus Tip: If you want to experience a higher point of marijuana, eat a mango about 45 minutes before smoking or vaping. Mangoes contain significant amounts of myrcene, so eating one will strengthen the effects of THC by increasing its absorption rate.
It is the second most abundant terpene in cannabis, but not all strains necessarily have it. Limonene gives the varieties a citrus smell that resembles lemons (all citrus fruits contain large amounts). It is commonly used in cosmetics and cleaning products. Limonene improves mood and reduces stress, has antifungal and antibacterial properties, and may play a role in reducing tumor size. Sativa strains that have "lemon" or "acid" in their names are usually rich in limonene.
Strains: Durban Poison, Jack Herer, Jack the Ripper, OG Kush, Sour Diesel, Super Lemon Haze
This terpene is mainly responsible for the typical smell of marijuana with its spicy and floral notes. Linalool is also found in lavender, peppermint, cinnamon, and coriander. Like aromatic herbs, it has strong sedative and relaxing properties. Patients suffering from anxiety, depression, seizures and insomnia should benefit from this powerful terpene.
Strains: Amnesia Haze, LA Confidential, Lavender, OG Shark, Special Kush
Known for its hot and spicy notes, b-caryophyllene is also found in black pepper, cinnamon, cloves, and spices like oregano, basil, and rosemary. Since it binds to CB2 receptors (it is the only terpene that binds to cannabinoid receptors), b-caryophyllene is commonly found in anti-inflammatory creams and topical products. In addition to its analgesic and anxiolytic properties, some believe that it helps people who are trying to stop using alcohol.
Strains: Rock Star, Super Silver Haze, Skywalker
5. a-Pinene and b-Pinene
These two terpenes smell like pine, where they can be found in large quantities. Other plants rich in pinene include rosemary, orange peels, basil, and parsley. Pinene has anti-inflammatory effects. They help improve air flow and respiratory functions (for asthmatics), as well as memory, and may be beneficial for people suffering from arthritis, Crohn's disease, and cancer.
Strains: Blue Dream, Dutch Treat, Island Sweet Skunk, Jack Herer, Romulan, Strawberry Cough
Also known as levomenol and bisabolol, a-bisabolol has a pleasant floral scent and can also be found in chamomile flowers and candeia trees. This terpene has been used primarily in the cosmetic industry, but has recently caught the attention of researchers as it can be used to treat bacterial infections and wounds. It is also an antioxidant with anti-irritation and analgesic properties.
Strains: ACDC, Harle-Tsu, diadema, OG Shark, Pink Kush
Also known as cineole, eucalyptol is the primary terpene of the eucalyptus tree. It has a recognizable minty smell, but most cannabis strains don't contain much of it. It is used mainly in cosmetics. Eucalyptol relieves pain and slows the growth of bacteria and fungi. Although the research is still in the early stages, it has shown some promising effects in Alzheimer's patients.
Strains: Diadema, Super Silver Haze
Found primarily in flowers such as jasmine and lemongrass, Nerolidol smells like a mixture of rose, citrus, and apples. It is woody, citric and floral. This terpene is best known for its antiparasitic, antioxidant, antifungal, antimicrobial, and sedative properties.
Strains: Island Sweet Skunk, Jack Herer, Skywalker OG
It is found in hops, cloves, sage, and black pepper and has an earthy, woody, and spicy aroma. Humulene suppresses appetite (good for dieters), reduces inflammation, relieves pain, fights bacterial infections, and may prevent the growth of cancer cells.
Strains: Girl Scout Cookies, Diadema, Sour Diesel, Pink Kush, Skywalker OG, White Widow
Also found in rosemary, basil, bell peppers, cedar and pine, it has a sweet aroma reminiscent of cypress trees. Careno helps heal broken bones, giving hope to patients suffering from osteoporosis, arthritis, and even fibromyalgia. It also promotes memory retention, which could be helpful for Alzheimer's patients.