Deep Brain Stimulation, a Medical Advancement in Parkinson ’s Disease Treatment

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Deep Brain Stimulation, a Medical Advancement in Parkinson ’s Disease Treatment

Parkinson disease is age-related neuro-degenerative brain disorder, its result in deterioration of some brain parts.

Parkinson disease is age-related neuro-degenerative brain disorder, its result in deterioration of some brain parts. This disorder is best known for symptoms like slowness of movement, tremors in limbs, and balance problems. Most of the cases happen due to unknown reasons, but in some individuals it is genetically inherited. People with Parkinson’s don’t have enough dopamine chemical produced in brain, due to death of dopamine producing nerve cells. There are many different treatment options available.

What is Parkinson?

Parkinson’s is neurological progressive disorder which means it can cause issues in our brain and which gets worse over the time. Sometimes it starts with barely noticeable with tremors in just one hand. As per neurologist in Delhi although tremors are common, but one of the major symptom is stiffness & slowness of movement, which is why this is also described as movement disorder.

In early stages your face will show little to no expression, one’s arm may not swing while walking, and their speech may also become slurred, or soft. These symptoms get worse over the time.

PD occurs in mostly old age people above the age of 60, but in some cases one can have early onset of Parkinson’s disease at the age of 50, although this condition can’t be cured totally, but medication can help in reducing & eliminating the symptoms. Alternatively your doctor may also suggest surgical procedure to improve your symptoms & regulated affected region of our brain.

How Parkinson’s Occur?

The most prominent signs of Parkinson’s occur when nerve cells die or get impaired, in the area of brain (basal ganglia) which controls our movement function. These nerve cells normally produce dopamine substance. In case of death & impairment of these nerves they produce less dopamine.

There are two major factors which contribute to Parkinson Disease:

Genetic: Genetic results in almost 10 to 15% cases of Parkinson’s disease, family history of the condition can increase the chances of this disease. There is long list of genes which have known to contribute to this condition. SNCA, PARK2, PARK7, and PINK1 are major player. There are many more yet to discover.

It’s not necessary that genetic mutation can cause this condition in each individual with family history of the disease, but it is advised to go through medical screening to ensure the early diagnosis.

Environment: Our environment can also contribute towards many health conditions & disorders. Interaction between our genes and environment can be complex. Exposure to certain environmental conditions can increase the risk factor of PD. As per some researches in past it is suggested that there a huge link between environmental toxins like pesticides, heavy metals and other similar substances.

As per neurology specialist, the combination of genetics & long term exposure to environmental toxins can lead to this neuro-degenerative condition. It is advised to stay away from the exposure of pesticides & herbicides.

Other Common Causes & Risk Factors of Parkinson’s Disease

• Age: The biggest cause behind Parkinson’s disease is advancing age, if you are above the age of 60 then you are certainly at risk.

• Gender: Gender play a major role in occurrence of this condition, men are more prone to suffer than women.

• Head Trauma: Severity & frequency of head trauma can substantially increase the risk factor.

• Medications & Similar Drugs: Some antipsychotic medications to treat paranoia and schizophrenia can also block the production of dopamine in our brain. This can cause the similar symptoms like Parkinson’s, and which can describe as Parkinsonism.

Treatment

There are many treatment methods available for the treatment of PD, from medications to surgery only a neurology specialist doctor in Delhi can suggest the best treatment for you. One of the latest methods of treatment is DBS to eliminate & subsequently reduce the symptoms.

Deep Brain Stimulation

This is one of the effective methods to treat symptoms like tremors, difficulty in walking, slowness of movement, rigidness of muscles. It can also manage and treat the side effect of Parkinson’s disease.

DBS method is recommended in cases where the long-term usage of medications doesn’t result in any reduction of symptoms. In many cases it has seen as life-changing & results are amazing, but there are many other factors which can affect the result of treatment like presence of other neurological condition, or stage of the disease.

How DBS Work?

DBS is most important therapeutic advancement & most effective in case of individual experiencing disabling tremors, wearing off spells, and this method works wonder for motor skill symptoms like tremors, rigidness, and bradykinesia.

DBS regulates the abnormal electrical activity in our brain. A small pacemaker like device is placed to create the electrical pulses. In this method electrodes are placed in targeted area of brain, mainly the area which controls our movement function. This system works the same way as pacemaker in our heart, which is why it is also referred as “Pacemaker for Brain”.

Before being considered as the suitable patient for DBS surgery one must undergo extensive evaluation process. Candidates should meet the below-mentioned criteria:

• Symptoms are not controlled by the medications, despite receiving the accurate dose of levodopa.

• Symptoms are significantly affecting & reducing the quality of life of patient.

• Abnormal & uncontrolled motor symptoms

DBS is one effective method, but only if you are a suitable candidate. It’s necessary to seek the advice of best neurologist in Delhi for the right guidance of treatment.