What Causes Toothaches and How to Relieve the Pain

What Causes Toothaches and How to Relieve the Pain

Toothaches can be painful and uncomfortable and in some cases a scary experience. Understanding what the causes are may prevent or reduce the pain.


Toothaches can be an incredibly scary experience. The pain can range considerably and is a late sign that something is wrong. For this reason you want early check ups to discover dental diseases before it is too late. Several causes produce this pain, some being tooth decay, tooth fracture, abscessed tooth, a damaged or loose filling, infected gums, or various repetitive motions such as chewing gum or grinding teeth.

There are also several symptoms that accompany a toothache. The pain can also be experienced differently, depending on the circumstance. It can be sharp or a throbbing sensation, or it can be felt when there's pressure applied on the tooth. Some other symptoms may also include redness and swelling around the tooth, fever, and headaches, pus or other foul-tasting drainages.

When Should You Go to the Dentist?

If you are experiencing such symptoms as presented above, or the pain is too severe, or it lasts more than a day, consult your dentist immediately. Early identification and proper treatment of infections will prevent it from spreading to other teeth, other parts of the face and even your skull or bloodstream.

When you go to the dentist, he or she will look over your medical records and conduct a proper examination. In most cases, the problem is a cavity as a result of tooth decay, in which case a simple filling will be enough. If not, an X-ray or other tests may be required to determine the cause accurately.

Byronwood Dental Office, London ON

Visiting the Dentist

Available Treatments

The treatment needed is entirely dependent on the cause of a toothache. Besides the filling mentioned above, another possible remedy is tooth extraction. Nevertheless, a root canal may also be an alternative, especially is the cause is an infection of the tooth's nerve, or if the tooth has suffered damage. If there are fever and swelling of the jaw, antibiotics may be prescribed.


Since tooth decay is the leading cause of a toothache, good oral hygiene is the best way to prevent it. It consists or regular brushing with a fluoride-containing toothpaste, flossing once per day, and rinsing daily with an antiseptic mouthwash. Likewise, stay away from sugary foods as much as possible and visit the dentist for a checkup and teeth cleaning, twice per year.

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Dr. Jeffery Edwards Byronwood Dental Office